英语四级4000必考词汇

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  英语四级4000必考词汇

  全国英语等级考试马上又要来了,为了让大家更好的备考年英语四级考试,小编特意搜集了英语四级考试必备之100个高频词汇,希望对各位考生有所帮助,也祝你早日过四级!

  英语四级考试必备之100个高频词汇

  1. at the thought of 一想到…

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论

  3. at will 随心所欲

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally) 偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地

  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely) 自愿地 ,主动地

  8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致

  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

  11. on one’s own account

  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益

  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责

  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己

  12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去

  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。

  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为

  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。

  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理

  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。

  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先

  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地

  31. have an advantage over 胜过

  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

  have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事

  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用

  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前

  36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中

  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的

  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

  39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;

  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎

  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到

  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。

  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。

  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。

  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for

  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。

  48. apply to 与…有关;适用

  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。

  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…

  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻

  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。

  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,

  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…

  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法

  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果

  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。

  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。

  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台

  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)

  67. be based on / upon 基于

  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上

  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢

  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。

  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。

  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)

  75. for the better 好转

  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。

  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生

  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

  79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机

  81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘

  82. out of breath 喘不过气来

  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之

  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的

  85. take the floor 起立发言

  86. on business 出差办事。

  87. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

  88. last but one 倒数第二。

  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设

  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买

  91. be capable of 能够, 有能力

  be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

  93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;

  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一

  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

  95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

  96. be cautious of 谨防

  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上

  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。

  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地

  100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然

  大学英语四级必考单词

  1、the wise man knows he knows nothing, the fool thinks he knows all.

  清者自清,浊者自浊。

  2、the wolf has a winning game when the shepherds quarrel.

  螳螂捕蝉,黄雀在后。

  3、the world is a ladder for some to go up and others to go down.

  世界如阶梯,有人上有人下。

  4、the world is but a little place, after all.

  海内存知己,天涯若比邻。

  5、think twice before you do.

  三思而后行。

  6、things at the worst will mend.

  否极泰来。

  7、time and tide wait for no man.

  时不我待。

  8、time cures all things.

  时间是医治一切创伤的良药。

  9、time flies.

  光阴似箭。

  10、time is money.

  时间就是金钱。

  11、time lost cannot be won again.

  时光流逝,不可复得。

  12、time past cannot be called back again.

  时间不能倒流。

  13、time tries all.

  路遥知马力,日久见人心。

  14、tit for tat is fair play.

  人不犯我,我不犯人;人若犯我,我必犯人。

  15、to err is human.

  人非圣贤,孰能无过

  16、talk of the devil and he will appear.

  说曹操,曹操就到。

  17、tall trees catch much wind.

  树大招风。

  18、teach others by your example.

  躬亲示范。

  19、the best hearts are always the bravest.

  无私者无畏。

  20、the best man stumbles.

  伟人也有犯错时。

  21、the cat shuts its eyes when stealing.

  掩耳盗铃。

  22、the danger past and god forgotten.

  过河拆桥。

  23、the darkest hour is nearest the dawn.

  黎明前的黑暗。

  24、the darkest place is under the candlestick.

  烛台底下最暗。

  25、the devil knows many things because he is old.

  老马识途。

  26、the devil sometimes speaks the truth.

  魔鬼有时也会说真话。

  27、the die is cast.

  木已成舟。

  28、the early bird catches the worm.

  早起的鸟儿有虫吃。

  29、the end justifies the means.

  只要目的正当,可以不择手段。

  30、the end makes all equal.

  死亡面前,人人平等。

  31、the eye is bigger than the belly.

  贪多嚼不烂。

  32、the farthest way about is the nearest way home.

  抄近路反而绕远路。

  33、the finest diamond must be cut.

  玉不琢,不成器。

  34、the fire is the test of gold, adversity of strong man.

  烈火验真金,艰难磨意志。

  35、the first step is the only difficulty.

  迈出第一步是最艰难的。

  36、the fox knew too much, that's how he lost his tail.

  机关算尽太聪明,反误了卿卿性命。

  37、the fox preys farthest from home.

  兔子不吃窝边草。

  38、the frog in the well knows nothing of the great ocean.

  坐井观天。

  39、the grass is greener on the other side.

  这山望着那山高。

  40、the greatest talkers are always least doers.

  语言的巨人总是行动的矮子。

  41、the higher up, the greater the fall.

  爬得高,摔得惨。

  42、the leopard cannot change its spots.

  本性难移。

  43、the more noble, the more humble.

  人越高尚,越谦虚。

  44、pleasure comes through toil.

  苦尽甘来。

  45、pour water into a sieve.

  竹篮子打水一场空。

  46、practice makes perfect.

  熟能生巧。

  47、praise is not pudding.

  恭维话不能当饭吃。

  48、praise makes good men better, and bad men worse.

  好人越夸越好,坏人越夸越糟。

  49、prefer loss to unjust gain.

  宁可吃亏,不贪便宜。

  50、prevention is better than cure.

  预防胜于治疗。

  51、pride goes before, and shame comes after.

  骄傲使人落后。

  52、promise is debt.

  一诺千金。

  53、proverbs are the daughters of daily experience.

  谚语是日常经验的结晶。

  54、pull the chestnut out of fire.

  火中取栗。

  55、put the cart before the horse.

  本末倒置。

  56、put your shoulder to the wheel.

  鼎力相助。

  57、reading enriches the mind.

  开卷有益。

  58、reading is to the mind while exercise to the body.

  读书健脑,运动强身。

  59、respect yourself, or no one else will respect you.

  要人尊敬,必须自重。

  60、rome is not built in a day.

  冰冻三尺,非一日之寒。

  61、saying is one thing and doing another.

  言行不一。

  62、seeing is believing.

  眼见为实。

  63、seek the truth from facts.

  实事求是。

  64、send a wise man on an errand, and say nothing to him.

  智者当差,不用交代。

  65、set a thief to catch a thief.

  以贼捉贼。

  66、short accounts make long friends.

  好朋友勤算账。

  67、something is better than nothing.

  聊胜于无。

  68、soon learn, soon forgotten.

  学得快,忘得快。

  69、soon ripe, soon rotten.

  熟得快,烂得快。

  70、speech is silver, silence is gold.

  能言是银,沉默是金。

  71、still water run deep.

  静水常深。

  72、strike the iron while it is hot.

  趁热打铁。

  73、success belongs to the persevering.

  坚持就是胜利。

  74、take things as they come.

  既来之,则安之。

  75、talking mends no holes.

  空谈无补。

  76、nothing is to be got without pains but poverty.

  世上唯有贫穷可以不劳而获。

  77、not to advance is to go back.

  不进则退。

  78、not to know what happened before one was born is always to be a child.

  不懂世故,幼稚可笑。

  79、no way is impossible to courage.

  勇者无惧。

  80、obedience is the first duty of a soldier.

  军人以服从命令为天职。

  81、observation is the best teacher.

  观察是最好的老师。

  82、offense is the best defense.

  进攻是最好的防御。

  83、old friends and old wines are best.

  陈酒味醇,老友情深。

  84、old sin makes new shame.

  一失足成千古恨。

  85、once a man and twice a child.

  一次老,两次小。

  86、once a thief, always a thief.

  偷盗一次,做贼一世。

  87、once bitten, twice shy.

  一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。

  88、one boy is a boy, two boys half a boy, three boys no boy.

  一个和尚挑水喝,两个和尚抬水喝,三个和尚没水喝。

  89、one cannot put back the clock.

  时钟不能倒转。

  90、one eyewitness is better than ten hearsays.

  百闻不如一见。

  91、一着不慎,满盘皆输。

  one good turn deserves another.

  92、行善积德。

  one hour today is worth two tomorrow.

  93、争分夺秒效率高。

  one man‘s fault is other man‘s lesson.

  94、前车之鉴。

  one never loses anything by politeness.

  95、讲礼貌不吃亏。

  one swallow does not make a summer.

  96、一燕不成夏。

  one‘s words reflect one‘s thinking.

  97、言为心声。

  out of debt, out of danger.

  98、无债一身轻。

  out of office, out of danger.

  99、无官一身轻。

  out of sight, out of mind.

  100、眼不见,心为静。

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