杨家坪中学高2020届高三10月英语试卷分析

发布于:好学网 编辑:好学网 2019-10-23 阅读量:0

  NO.1

  试卷整体分析

  1、试卷考察范围:高中词汇、知识

  2、核心语法考点:八大词性各有涉及,动词用法是考察的重点

  3、试题整体难度:中,个别题目难度略高

  4、试题新颖程度及原创比例:题目整体常规,原创占比40%左右

  NO.2

  各版块难度及考点分析

  阅读理解

  七选五

  完形填空

  语法填空

  语法改错

  书面表达

  1.话题:邀请外教担任英文演讲比赛评委的相关信息。

  2.提纲要点:①时间地点

  ②邀请担任评委

  ③期待对方光临

  参考词汇已提供:演讲比赛 speech contest

  学生写作存在问题:要点不会翻译,就直接跳过不写,容易造成丢分。

  解决办法:曲折翻译、“意译”

  NO.3

  典型试题讲解

  阅读理解

  B

  A girl became a volunteer in the activities of Deathbed Care, which meant visiting and taking care of a patient suffering from an incurable disease with days numbered.

  The girl was assigned to look after an old man suffering from cancer whose children lived abroad. Their living conditions were not satisfactory while the old man had a lot of savings. She was expected to comfort him and keep up his spirits.

  Every Saturday the girl came on time to keep him company, telling him stories. When he was having an intravenous drip(静脉滴注), she would help massage his arms. The doctor found the patient much improved mentally. The old man began to involve himself actively in the medical treatment and he seldom shouted at others.

  But something that happened made the doctor uneasy and puzzled. Each time the girl left, the old man would give her some money. The doctor did nothing to interfere, unwilling to offend the old man. A month later the old man showed evident signs of decline after suffering coma(昏迷) a few times.

  When rescued from the latest coma, the old man told the doctor his last wish,"I have deep sympathy for the girl. Will you be kind enough to help her finish her studies?"

  But the doctor knew that her family was well off and she had no difficulty pursuing her studies. Sometimes she even came to the hospital in her father's car.

  When the girl came at the weekend after the death of the old man, the doctor told her the bad news. She was very sad and burst into tears. Then she handed $500 to the doctor, saying, "The old man had all along thought I came to do the job because of poverty. He gave me money so that I could continue my schooling." Now he got the answer to the puzzle. In the last period of his life, the old man found it a real pleasure to be able to help a girl badly in need.

  24. If you're a volunteer in the activities of Deathbed Care, what kind of people do you have to attend to?

  A: Patients with a lot of money.

  B: Patients suffering from cancer.

  C: Patients without many days left.

  D: Patients living alone.

  25.What can we infer about the old man?

  A: He had a lot of savings.

  B: He was suffering from cancer.

  C: He often lost his temper before meeting the girl.

  D: He asked the doctor to help the girl finish her study.

  26. What can we learn from the passage?

  A: The doctor told the old man the truth.

  B: The old man's children were wealthy.

  C: The girl's father encouraged her to accept the money.

  D: The girl didn't accompany the old man when he died.

  27. What is the real reason resulting in the old man's mental improvement?

  A: The girl's love and great care.

  B: The pleasure of helping people in need.

  C: The doctor's medical treatment.

  D: His children's progress in life.

  24.细节理解题.根据taking care of a patient suffering from an incurable disease with days numbered.可知,志愿者要照顾那些所剩的日子不多的病人,所以C选项是正确的.

  25.推理判断题.根据The old man began to involve himself actively in the medical treatment and he seldom shouted at others.可推测出,老人在遇到女孩之前经常发脾气.所以C选项是正确的.

  26.推理判断题.根据he got the answer to the puzzle.In the last period of his life,the old man found it a real pleasure to be able to help a girl badly in need.可知,这位老人完成他的心愿去帮助需要帮助的人,所以他的精神好多了,所以B选项是正确的.

  27.推理判断题.根据When the girl came at the weekend after the death of the old man,the doctor told her the bad news.这个女孩是在周末这个老人去世后来的医院,所以推出她在老人去世时,她没有在他的身边,所以D选项是正确的.

  故事类阅读概念:

  这类文章一般描述的是某一件具体事情的发生发展或结局,有人物、时间、地点和事件。命题往往从故事的情节、人物或事件的之间的关系、作者的态度及意图、故事前因和后果的推测等方面着手,考查学生对细节的辨认能力以及推理判断能力。

  故事类阅读应试技巧:

  1、抓住文章的6个要素:阅读时要学会从事情本身的发展去理解故事情节而不要只看事件在文中出现的先后顺序。因此,无论是顺叙还是倒叙,阅读此类文章时,必须要找到它结构中的5个W(when, where, who, why,whan)和1个H(hw),不过不是每篇都会完整地交待六个要素。毫无疑问,寻出这些元素是能够正确快速解题的一个先决条件。

  2、注意作者的议论和抒情:高考英语阅读理解故事类文章常伴随着作者思想情感的流露和表达,因此议论和抒情往往夹杂其中。行文时或技事情发生发展的先后时间进行或按事情发生发展的地点来转换,也可能按事情发展的阶段来布局。在引出话题,讲完件事情后,作者往往会表达个人感悟或提出建议等。这些体现作者观点或思想的语句在阅时可以划线,它们往往体现文章中心或者写作意图,属于必考点,所以要仔细体会。

  3、结合前两点归纳文章中心:把握作者态度故事类文章是通过记叙一件事来表达中心思想的,它是文章的灵魂。归纳文章中心思想时,尤其要分析文章的结尾,因为很多文章卒章显志,用简短的以论、抒情周示文章中心;文章中议论抒情的句子往往与中心密切相关;也有的文章需要在结合概括各段大意的基础上归纳中心。另外,叙述一件事必有其目的,或阐明某观点,或赞美某种品德,或押击某种陋习,这就要求我们在阅读时,通过对细节(第1点中的六要素)的理解,把握作者的态度

  4 、有章有据进行解题判断: 分析文章,归纳主题,属于分析、概括、综合的表述能力的考查,切忌脱离文章,架空分析,一定让分析在文章中有依据。

  语法填空

  About 800 years after Marco Polo’s journey, the spirit of The Silk Road is still alive. This is thanks to a proposal by Xi Jinping back in 2013. The initiative (倡议), called the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, aims 61___________(build) a trade network by linking Asia with Africa and Europe 62 ________ancient trade routes (路线).

  So far, more than 100 countries and organizations have joined the initiative, and about 40 countries have signed cooperation 63 ______________(agree) with China. The initiative covers 60 percent of the world’s population and about $ 20 trillion-around one 64 ________(three) of the world GDP.

  The popularity of the Belt and Road Initiative has 65 _____(it) roots in the human desire to trade ideas and communicate. Just take a look at the Silk Road. It wasn’t just silk and other goods 66______ were traded. Knowledge about science and technologies 67 ______________(share) across the network. This included the four great inventions of ancient China. It was also 68 _____ early way for languages and cultures to develop and become influenced by one another.

  69 ____________(similar), the building of the Belt and Road doesn’t just contribute to the economic prosperity (繁荣) of the countries 70 ___________(involve) in the Belt and Road Initiative and regional economic cooperation. It also encourages exchanges and mutual learning between different civilizations, and promotes world peace and development.

  61.考查动词不定式。aim to do sth. 意为“想要做某事,立志要做某事。”故填:to build。

  62.考查介词。根据句意:沿着古代贸易路线。用介词 along,意为“沿着”。故填:along。

  63.考查名词。sign 是及物动词,后接名词作宾语。agreement 是可数名词,根据上下文语境要用复数形式。故填:agreements。

  64.考查序数词。基数词作分子,序数词作分母。即:三分之一。故填:third。

  65.考查代词。roots 是名词,其前用形容词性物主代词作定语。故填:its。

  66.考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知这是一个定语从句,先行词 silk and other goods 在从句中作主语,用关系代词 that。故填:that。

  67.考查动词语态。Knowledge 与 share 之间是动宾关系,且发生在过去,要用一般过去时的被动语态。故填:was shared。

  68.考查冠词。way 是可数名词,单数形式前加不定冠词 a 表示泛指,因 early 读音以发元音开头,用不定冠词 an。故填:an。

  69.考查副词。修饰句子要用副词。故填:Similarly。

  70.考查过去分词。countries 与 involve 之间是动宾关系,用过去分词短语 involved in the Belt and Road Initiative 作后置定语。故填:involved

  语法填空题型特点

  语法填空又称为开放式语篇填空, 该题型综合融入了单项填空和完形填空两种题型的特点,旨在考查考生在阅读理解的基础上,对语法、词汇和语用知识的掌握情况,着重考查考生的语言综合运用能力。语法填空题选用一篇200词左右的语言材料,设置10个空白,要求考生根据上下文填写空白所需的内容或用所给词的正确形式填空,将对语法知识、词汇知识的考查与篇章阅读能力的考查结合在一起,突出语篇,强调在语篇中的英语语言知识运用能力。选文以记叙文为主,涉及个人经历、人物故事等题材,大多是考生比较熟悉的话题。

  语法填空命题趋势

  1. 会更突出语境的作用,提供语境间接考查语言知识的运用。

  2. 可能会首句设题。从2015年开始,新课标全国卷语法填空篇首句开始有题目,增加了解题难度。

  3. 设空多样,覆盖全面。考查范围均为大纲中所列的语法项目:动词时态、非谓语形式、被动语态、情态动词、冠词、形容词、副词、代词、连词、复合句、习惯表达法等。

  4. 体裁固定,话题熟悉。近年高考语法填空题都是以记叙文和说明文为主,所选材料侧重有故事情节、行文逻辑强,用词合乎规范的短文,短文所述内容一般不会让考生感到陌生,并体现一定的文化内涵。

  备考建议

  1.记录错误,有备无患。

  考生在进入高三时就要备一本错题集,将自己在语法填空的练习中所犯的错误记录下来并改正,每次考前可拿出来浏览。

  2.研读真题,发现命题规律。

  高考真题是高考复习备考的最好资料。我们应该认真研究语法填空题的特点以及命题规律,并采取相应的策略和措施。通过做高考真题和样卷,让考生明白考点分布,发现命题规律,掌握做题技巧,增强信心。

  3.注重语法基础知识,积累习惯用法

  语法填空考查的是语法和词汇知识的综合运用能力。从考生的答题情况看,语法填空题失分的主要原因是,基本语法概念不清、固定短语、习惯用法掌握不牢、复杂的句式结构看不懂、上下文之间的逻辑关系理顺不清,从而出现误填、错填现象。因此,我们要加强语法基础知识的学习,构建语法体系,加强对句子成分的分析,尤其是长、难句结构的分析训练,加强词类转换训练。此外,还要多积累习惯表达,尤其是介词短语、短语动词和固定句型等。

  4.立足语篇,强化训练。

  语法填空题是基于阅读理解基础上考查考生综合语言运用能力的题型。建议将语法填空的训练与完形填空和阅读理解结合起来进行自由式填空训练。我们可以从高考真题中选取一些可读性较强的完形填空和阅读理解题,重新设空,让考生补充完整,以训练考生在语境中灵活运用语法和词汇的能力。

  5.加强应试技巧指导,提高语法运用的准确性

  有些考生不明白题目要求,缺乏必要的应答技巧,导致不必要的失分。建议通过指导考生分析句子成分,看缺不缺主语或宾语、有没有谓语动词等。如果缺少主语或宾语,往往要填名词、代词或动名词等;如果没有谓语,要根据上下文确定动词的时态、语态和单复数。名词前面若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词),很可能是填限定词。形容词是否需要转化为副词,或用比较级。若句子主干完整,考虑是否用动词的非谓语形式。理顺句子关系、确定分句间的逻辑关系。

  总而言之,备考语法填空,考生应当在平时扎实地掌握各种基本语法知识,培养语感。在考场上,应当冷静分析,各个击破,完成所有空格后再检查一遍拼写正确性、书写规范性以及大小写。

相关推荐

生涯规划 更多+

交流平台